Wednesday, October 17, 2018

PFC Carl Eugene Marshall

PFC Carl Eugene Marshall was born in October 1898 in Albemarle County, Virginia to Eugene Wibur and Lillie Ella (Wood) Marshall. His father worked was a merchant in the Earlysville area for many years.

After entering the Army, Carl was assigned to H Company 116th Infantry. He trained with the unit at Camp McClellan and Anniston, Alabama and sailed with the unit aboard the USS Finland to France in June 1918.  PFC Marshall was killed in action on 17 Oct 1918.

PFC Marshall is memorialized on the tablets of the missing at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Supply SGT Clifton Ogden Burks

Supply SGT Clifton Ogden Burks was born 14 May 1894 in Rockbridge County, Virginia to John Robert and Mildred Ann (Ogden) Burks.  The family farmed near Natural Bridge.

Clifton enlisted as a PVT in F Company 2nd Virginia Volunteer Infantry on 8 Jul 1915 and had served continuously since that time. When the National Guard units were mobilized for service and combined to form the 116th Infantry Regiment, he was assigned to F Company 116th Infantry.  When the unit embarked aboard the Finland for the voyage to France, he was already the Acting Supply SGT for the unit.  He remained in that position until killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.  The following account was published in a local newspaper:

FIGHTS DESPITE WOUND: According to Sergeant Glenn, of Company F, recently returned from France, Clifton O. Burks, who worked in Roanoke, but whose parents reside in Glasgow, was killed in the Argonne Forest, October 16, when, had he so chosen, he could have been far in the rear of his command in a hospital. On October 9, Private Burks sustained an injury to his back and was marked up by the Army surgeon for the hospital, but he refused to leave his company and go back. Though suffering intensely at times, he kept his position in the ranks, and at 8 o'clock on the morning of October 16, was shot down right beside Sergeant Glenn, sustaining a broken right leg and a severe cut about the face. Ten minutes later he was instantly killed by a bursting shrapnel shell, a fragment of which passed entirely through his body. His remains were buried by his comrades in the 29th Division burial ground in the Argonne Forest, just beside the Verdun-Sedan road, and a cross erected to his memory.
SGT Burks was repatriated and now rests forever with family members in Falling Spring Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Glasgow, Virginia.

Grandfather Charles Clifton Burks was wounded in the right side while serving as a Lieutenant with H Company 4th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War.

PFC Ollie Oliver Olive

PFC Ollie Oliver Olive was born 20 Jan 1896 in Stafford County, Virginia. He was the oldest of 9 children born to Richard Andrew and Minnie Francis (Sullivan) Olive. Richard was a carpenter and the family also farmed.  Ollie worked the farm while his dad worked as a carpenter.

After entering the Army, Ollie was assigned to K Company 116th Infantry.  He sailed for France with the unit aboard the USS Finland in mid-June 1918.  PFC Olive was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

PFC Olive was repatriated in 1921 and re-interred in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

His cousins, Herbert and Hugh Jett, also of Stafford County, also served in K Company.

PFC Kenneth Bankert Long

courtesy of Marijke Taffein
PFC Kenneth Bankert Long was born 28 Dec 1896 in Westminster, Maryland the 4th of 6 children born to George H. and Gertrude M. (Bankert) Long. Kenneth was working as a moulder in Southern Brass Works in Portsmouth, Virginia where he lived at 403 Washington Street.

After entering the service, Kenneth was assigned to K Company 116th Infantry and probably trained with the unit at Camp McClellan, Alabama.  He and his unit then shipped out for France aboard the USS Finland.  PFC Long was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

PFC Long is buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

Brother, Nevin Carver Long, served as a National Guard PVT; PFC 22 Aug 1917, H Company 1st Maryland Infantry; C  Company 112th Machinegun Battalion 1 Oct 1917, Honorable discharge 5 Jun 1919, Overseas 15 Jun 1918 to 24 May 1919, Center Sector; Meuse-Argonne, Wounded slightly 15 Oct 1918.

CPL Charles A. Coleman

CPL Charles A. Coleman was born 15 Sep 1889 in Healing Springs, Virginia.  He was the son of James Wilbur and Cinderilla (Kenney) Coleman. His father was a shoemaker. His mother died before 1900 and he and his siblings went to live with his maternal grandparents.

After entering the army, Charles was assigned to Headquarters and Headquarters Company 116th Infantry.  He sailed with that unit for France aboard the USS Finland and was with the unit when it kicked off a major offensive in the vicinity of Verdun. CPL Coleman was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

CPL Coleman was likely repatriated in 1920-21 and re-interred in Bath County, Virginia.

Maternal grandfather, James A. Kenney, was a SGT in G Troop, 18th Virginia Cavalry. CPL Coleman should not be confused with Charles A. Coleman of K Company 116th Infantry from Newport News, Virginia who survived the war.

SGT Alvey Roy Leffel

courtesy of Anne Cady
SGT Alvey Roy Leffel was born in March 1897 in Low Moor or Clifton Forge, Virginia to James Samuel and Leanna (McNeil) Leffel. His father worked as a carpenter.  

After Alvey entered the Army he was assigned to H Company 116th Infantry.  SGT Leffel was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

SGT Alvey was repatriated in 1920 and re-interred in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

Older brother, Arthur James Leffel served in the Navy from 1917-1921. Brother George Dewey Leffel served in the 1st Virginia Infantry and H Company 116th Infantry with Alvey. Paternal grandfaather, Samuel Leffel, served as a PVT in B Company 28th Virginia Infantry in the Civil War.

PVT George D. Edwards

PVT George D. Edwards was the son of Charles P. and Mollie Edwards and had at least one sister who married a Charles S. Tuner.  His father died before 1918. The family lived in Charlottesville, Virginia.

George joined the Monticello Guard, the Virginia Militia unit in Charlottesville, Virginia, at age 17.  He was with the unit when it was federalized and reorganized as part of H Company 116th Infantry. He trained with the unit at Anniston, Alabama. He was with the unit as it traveled to France aboard the USS Finland in June 1918.  PVT Edwards was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

We do not know where George is buried but presume he was repatriated and re-interred in a Charlottesville area cemetery. 

PFC Frederick M. Green

courtesy of Marijke Taffein
PFC Frederick M. Green was probably born in the later half of 1900 in Manchester, Virginia.  He was the 2nd of 2 sons born to Charles Edward and Virginia Lee (Clayton) Green.  We believe that his father died in 1902.

After entering the service, Frederick was assigned to C Company 116th Infantry.  He sailed with the unit for France aboard the USS Finland. The ship departed Hoboken, New Jersey on 15 Jun 1918 and arrived at the port of Saint Nazaire, France on 28 Jun 1918. The entire division went through training in trench warfare and acclimatization in a "quiet" sector on the front lines before participating in a major offensive.  Starting on 8 Oct 1918 in the vicinity of Verdun, the regiment experienced intense fighting. PFC Green was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

PFC Green rests forever in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

Frederick's older brother, William Ernest Green, also served during the war.

1LT John Lyon

John Lyon's 1915 passport photo
1LT John Lyon was born 2 Apr 1893 in Ballston, Virginia.  He was the 2nd of 3 children and only son born to Frank and Georgie Hays (Wright) Lyon.  John's father was a lawyer and real estate speculator/developer.  He had worked for the Southern Railroad Company, as personal secretary for a commissioner of the Interstate Commerce commission. He was a stenographer for the Constitutional Convention of Virginia. He founded the real estate firm of Lyon and Fitch, Inc. (later Lyon Properties and Lyon Inc.) and developed land in Arlington County including Lyon Park.

John attended Western High School, the University of Virginia and Georgetown Law School. He also worked as an associate editor for Field and Stream magazine. John applied in 1915 for his passport so that he could go to Great Britain and "do hospital work" but drove ambulances for the Red Cross in France.

After 6 months in France he returned to the U.S. and joined a local National Guard unit and served in the Mexican Border service.  It is likely that he was the most combat experienced of any in his company. He was still a member of the unit when it was federalized in 1917 and then assigned to Machine Gun Company 116th Infantry.  After participating in the training at Camp McClellan, Alabama he traveled with the unit aboard the USS Finland to France.  The ship docked at the port of Saint Nazaire on 28 Jun 1918. After the unit went through the trench warfare training and a period of  acclimatization in a "quiet" sector on the front lines it was part of a major offensive in the vicinity of Verdun. On 16 Oct 1918 the unit was involved in fighting when the commander of the 3rd Battalion, MAJ Heriome Opie was wounded. 1LT Lyon was killed in action when he tried to help MAJ Opie. 

1LT Lyon was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross in 1919. This is the citation:
John Lyon, first lieutenant, Machine Gun Company, 116th Infantry, Twenty-ninth division. For extraordinary heroism in action near Damogneux, France, October 15, 1918. During the attack on the Bois De La Grande Monagne, Lieut. Lyon left a place of comparative safety to cross an open space, exposed to direct observation and fire from the enemy, to attempt the rescue of a wounded officer. He and the two men who accompanied him were killed in this attempt.
He was repatriated and re-interred in the Blanford Cemetery in Petersburg, Virginia.

Grandfather, John Lyon, was CPT of B Company 12th Virginia Infantry 1861-1862.

Links:
- Remembering Arlington's John Lyon 
- John Lyon VFW Post 3150

PVT Guy Roy Hall

courtesy of Marijke Taffein
PVT Guy Roy Hall was born in July 1899 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia.  He was the 3rd of 8 children born to Clarence Offord and Alice Alma (Faulconer) Hall.  The family farmed.

Guy was among those who answered the call for volunteers and he enlisted on 27 Mar 1917 in K Company 2nd Virginia Infantry. The young man was in fine condition as shown in his physical but at 5-foot 6½-inches and 125 pounds we would not consider him a large man. He was still with the unit when it was re-called for service in France and re-organized as part of K Company 116th Infantry.  He went with the unit to Camp McClellan and trained there and then departed with the unit aboard the USS Finland and arrived in France on 28 Jun 1918.  PVT Hall was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

PVT Hall rests forever in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery

Paternal grandfather, Addison C. Hall, served in D Company 30th Virginia Infantry during the Civil War dying of disease in 1865. Maternal grandfather John Spencer Faulconer served in E Company 9th Virginia Cavalry and survived the war.

PVt Benjamin J. Reisen

PVT Benjamin J. Reisen was born 30 Aug 1889 in Grodua, Russia.  His parents may have been Solomon and Pearl Reisen.  The family lived in Brooklyn, New York.  Benjamin may have worked as a title researcher for a trust company and he also worked as a printer for Emmanuel Glick at 188 West 4th Street in New York City.  He had at least one sister, Dora, who married Samuel Grozalsky.

Benjamin was drafted/inducted on 4 May 1918.  He was sent to Camp McClellan and assigned to H Company 116th Infantry.  He trained with the unit there and at Anniston, Alabama and then traveled to France with the unit aboard the USS Finland in June 1918. His parents were likely deceased as his sister was listed as his next of kin on the manifest.  PVT Reisen was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

PVT Reisen was repatriated and re-interred in Mount Hebron Cemetery in Flushing, New York.

CPL George R. Evans

CPL George R. Evans was born in Disputanta, Virginia a son of John Evans.  Assigned to E Company 116th Infantry, CPL Evans was killed in action on 16 Oct 1918.

CPL Evans is buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

PVT Clifford L. Messer

PVT Clifford L. Messer was born 2 Jun 1896 in Lowell, Vermont the first of 5 children of Frederick Horace and Carrie Isabel (Preman) Messer.  The family farmed.

After being drafted, Clifford was assigned to C Company 116th Infantry and was still with that unit when he died of disease (probably the flu) on 16 Oct 1918.

His body was repatriated and he is likely buried somewhere near his home town.

PVT Abraham Cohen

PVT Abraham Cohen was a member of D Company 116th Infantry when he was killed in action 16 Oct 1918.

PVT Cohen is buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

PVT Ignac Bukata

PVT Ignac Bukata was born 11 Sep 1888 in Poezernia, Wiehuslia, Poland.  He immigrated in 1907, probably the same year as fellow D Company 116th Infantry soldier, Zelig Brooks.  PVT Bukata died of wounds on 16 Oct 1918.

PVT Bukata is buried in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

PVT Samuel O. Jones

PVT Samuel O. Jones was born in October 1895 in Richmond, Virginia. He was the first-born and only son of George Henry and Bertie Lee (Hines) Jones. His father was laborer working on others' farms and by 1910 Samuel was doing the same to help support the family.

After entering the Army, Samuel was assigned to C Company 116th Infantry. He sailed with the unit to France aboard the USS Finland. The ship departed Hoboken, New Jersey on 15 Jun 1918 and arrived in the port of Saint Nazaire, France on 28 Jun 1918. The entire division including the 116th went through training in trench warfare training and a period of acclimatization in a "quiet" sector on the front. The unit was then part of a major offensive in the vicinity of Verdun. Sometime in that effort, PVT Jones was wounded.  He died of his wound(s) on 16 Oct 1918.

PVT Jones was repatriated and re-interred in Oakwood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.

PFC Broadus Martin

PFC Broadus Martin was born 4 Oct 1895 in Albemarle County, Virginia the 5th of 8 children born to John D.  and Myra J. (Mawyer) Martin. The family farmed.

When Broadus entered the Army he was assigned to H Company 116th Infantry.  He traveled to France with the unit aboard the USS Finland in June 1918.  PFC Martin was wounded and died of his wound(s) on 16 Oct 1918.

PFC Broadus was repatriated and re-interred in Adial Cemetery in Faber, Virginia.

PFC Raymond Edwin Shenk

PFC Raymond Edwin Shenk was born 9 Oct 1898 in Reynolds, Virginia the eldest of 7 children of Elon Daniel and Hester Columbia (Jolley) Shenk.  The family farmed.

Raymond enlisted shortly after war was declared. After entering the service, Raymond went to Camp McClellan and was assigned to I Company 116th Infantry.  He trained with the unit at Camp McClellan, Alabama and then traveled with the unit aboard the USS Finland to France in June 1918. Raymond was wounded sometime between 8 and 15 Oct 1918 and died of his wound(s) on 16 Oct 1918.

PFC Shenk was repatriated and re-interred in Wesley Chapel Cemetery in Cross Junction, Virginia.

Grandfather, William Jackson Shenk, served as a PVT in I Company 97th Virginia Militia in the Civil War.

Monday, October 15, 2018

PFC Earnest Roy Matney

PFC Earnest Roy Matney was born in 1898 in Wythe County, Virginia to Daniel Mitchell and Oregon Missouri Texas (Leslie) Matney. The family farmed.

After entering the service, Earnest was assigned to M Company 116th Infantry.  He was with the unit at Camp McClellan, Alabama and sailed with the unit aboard the USS Finland on 15 Jun 1918.  He trained with the regiment for trench warfare in France.  PFC was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918.

PFC Matney was repatriated and re-interred in West View Cemetery in Radford, Virginia.

PVT Edgar G. Sutherland

courtesy of Anne Cady
PVT Edgar G. Sutherland was born in September 1899 in Russell County, Virginia, possibly in Coulwood, the only child of Henry Walker and Nellie Kate (Shepherd) Sutherland.  Father Henry was a lawyer.  Nellie died in 1903 and Edgar was sent to live with cousins where he is shown as a "helper" in the 1910 census.  His father died in 1911. After that Edgar likely went to live with his uncle Stephen Douglas Sutherland's widow, Rebecca in Coulwood.

After entering the Army, Edgar was assigned to I Company 116th Infantry and trained with the unit at Camp McClellan, Alabama.  He then sailed to France with the unit aboard the USS Finland in the latter half of June 1918.  PVT Sutherland was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918.

PVT Sutherland was repatriated in 1921 and re-interred in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.

Grandfather, Henry Sutherland, served as a PVT in G Troop, 22nd Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War. Cousin, Henry Dave Sutherland, also served as a PVT in I Company 116th Infantry with Edgar. Henry survived the war but died in 1936.

PVT Roscoe Charles Pack

PVT Roscoe Charles Pack was born 18 Mar 1900 in Tazewell County, Virginia the 6th of 9 children born to John Riley and Mollie Rosa (Beavers) Pack. The family farmed.

After entering the army Roscoe was assigned to I Company 116th Infantry.  He trained with the unit at Camp McClellan, Alabama.  On 15 Jun 1918 he sailed for France with the unit aboard the USS Finland.  PVT Pack was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918.

PVT Pack is not buried overseas so he was probably repatriated and is now buried somewhere in Tazewell County, Virginia. 

SGT William Offutt Cobbs

courtesy of Marijke Taffein
SGT William Offutt Cobbs was born in September 1891 in Lynchburg, Virginia to John Henry and Mary Edmonia (Offutt) Cobbs.  William was the 2nd of 3 children and the oldest of the 2 boys.  His father worked in a dry goods store.  By 1910, sister Josephine was working as a stenographer, William was managing the Belvidere movie theater and youngest child James was working as a stock clerk. In 1915, William was working as a clerk for Craighill and Jones.

After entering the Army William was assigned to L Company 116th Infantry. He sailed with the unit to France on board the USS Finland.  Arriving 28 Jun 1918, the unit underwent more training before moving into the line.  SGT Cobbs was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918.

SGT Cobbs rests forever in the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery.

Mary would make the Gold Star Mothers' Pilgrimage to visit her son's grave in France. William's father served in the Civil War in the 58th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

PFC Robert Paul Wilson

PFC Robert Paul Wilson was born 17 Dec 1893 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the 9th of 11 children born to John and Mary A. (Kane) Wilson. His father was born in County Tipperary, Ireland and his mother was a native of Wales.  His father worked as a hotel keeper and must have been successful because in 1910 he is shown not as having a job but being supported by his "own income".  At least 2 of Robert's brothers went to college.  On his 1917 draft registration, Robert said that his employer was Jiles P. Corry Company in the Jones Law Building where he worked as a clerk.

After entering the Army, Robert was assigned to I Company 116th Infantry.  PFC Wilson was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918. 

PFC Wilson was repatriated and buried in Saint Mary Catholic Cemetery in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Brother, Ralph Hyle Wilson, served in the United States Marine Corps aboard the USS Pennsylvania in World War One.

PVT Walker C. Woolwine

PVT Walker C. Woolwine was born in January 1895 in Christiansburg, Virginia. He was the 2nd of 11 children born to Calvin Chavenous and Mary Elizabeth (Akers) Woolwine. His father worked in a lime kiln.

After entering the service, Walker was assigned to M Company 116th Infantry. He was with the unit when it sailed for France aboard the USS Finland on 15 Jun 1918.  It took the ship 13 days to cross the Atlantic from Hoboken, New Jersey to the port of Saint Nazaire, France. Walker then went through trench warfare training with the regiment.  PFC Woolwine was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918.

PFC Woolwine was repatriated and re-interred in Sunset Cemetery in Christiansburg, Virginia.

Walker's brother, Earnest, was also a member of M Company and died 3 days earlier.  Earnest is also interred in the Sunset Cemetery.

PVT Irvin Thurston Mankin

PVT Irvin Thurston Mankin was born 31 Jul 1895 in Hanover County, Virginia.  He was the oldest of 6 children born to Edward Thurston and Olive Branch (Jones) Mankin. His father was a carpenter and worked at a brick factory. Irvin worked as a bricklayer in 1915.

After entering the Army, Irvin was assigned to Machine Gun Company 116th Infantry.  He sailed for France with the unit aboard the USS Finland.  Departing Hoboken, New Jersey on 15 Jun 1918, the ship arrived in the port of Saint Nazaire, France on 28 Jun 1918. The unit then went through trench warfare training and acclimatization in a "quiet" sector of the front lines.  On 8 Oct 1918 the 29th Division including the 116th kicked off a major offensive in the vicinity of Verdun. PVT Mankin was killed in action on 15 Oct 1918.

PVT Mankin was repatriated and re-interred in Riverview Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia.

Maternal uncle, Arthur Creston Jones served as a CPT at the Richmond General Depot during the war. Brother, Edward Harmon Mankin, served in the U.S. Navy 1918-1919. Grandfather, Oscar Robert Mankin, served in H Company 17th Virginia Infantry until captured in the later half of 1864 when he was captured and sent to Fort Delaware.